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EU cybersecurity rules: Essential services Report

The Commission has published a report assessing how EU Member States have identified public and private organisations that must put in place cybersecurity measures and report major cyber incidents. These organisations, often called ‘operators of essential services’, are active in crucial areas of the economy and society, such as healthcare, transport, energy, financial infrastructure, water supply and more, and must be particularly resilient to cyber attacks.

Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society Mariya Gabriel said:

European rules on cybersecurity are key for defending our economies and citizens against cyber threats throughout the EU. The report published today is a key step in boosting cyber resilience in critical sectors. Pinpointing the providers of essential services across Member States means that important infrastructures such as hospitals and transport systems are better protected and defended against cross-border cyber threats, securing the proper functioning of the internal market and the daily lives of all citizens.

The report assesses if the methodologies for identifying operators of essential services are consistent across Member States and provides recommendations on how to better align them in order to ensure that all critical entities across different sectors and the EU exhibit a similar high-level of cyber-resilience. It is the first step in the Commission’s review of the Directive on Security of Network and Information Systems (NIS Directive) which seeks to raise the level of cybersecurity in key sectors of society.

Furthermore, the EU agreed on the Cybersecurity Act, which reinforces the mandate of the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity and establishes an EU regulatory framework for cybersecurity certification.

The Commission also proposed a Regulation on a European Cybersecurity Competence Network and Centre which will invest in stronger and pioneering cybersecurity capacity and technological solutions in the EU and will lead to better coordination between cybersecurity investments at EU level and in the Member States.

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Report assessing the consistency of the approaches in the identification of operators of essential services

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